A highly modified habitat Settlement
The activities of people have changed this habitat dramatically
Hear all about it!
The Settlement area is a highly modified habitat, due to human impact and on-going development. The urban landscape is particular evident in the main Settlement (Thomson Bay), Geordie Bay settlement and the Kingstown Barracks.
There are many introduced (non-native) plant species that grow in the main Settlement and along the roads and pathways. Some of these plants were brought to the Island on purpose in the 19th Century for gardens, orchards, to create shade and to replace cut-down trees. Examples of these sorts of plants are the Norfolk Island pine, Tuart and Coastal Moort. Other plants were brought by accident like onion weeds.
The daily movement of people, goods, vehicles and machinery can bring seeds or plant material onto the Island which can be harmful for the native species. Visitors can help keep the habitats of Rottnest Island healthy by not bringing plant material with them on their visit.
The conservation status for the settlement habitat is not listed.
- Extinct in Wild
- Critically Endangered
- Near Threatened
- Least Concerned
Do use water wisely on the island
Do keep to marked paths
Do dispose of your litter correctly
Do ride carefully on the Island
Hey there! Did you know...
Some of the exotic trees found in the Settlement have heritage values and have been placed on the RIA’s significant heritage tree register. The Norfolk Island Pines behind The Basin beach are thought to have been planted in the 1940s. The two Canary Island Date Palms were planted in 1938 by William Somerville. Mr William Somerville was a member of the Rottnest Island Board from 1929 -1951. Somerville started the sustained program of tree planting and reforestation of the Island.